Myanmar (Burma): The Ultimate Guide to – All you need to know!

This is your Ultimate Travel Guide to Myanmar (Burma). You will find all practical information about transportation, accommodation, eVisa, food, backpacking, offline map, beaches, vacation, the best time to visit Myanmar and more.

Authentic and extraordinary land, unspoiled by tourism. That’s Myanmar. One of the most Buddhistic countries in the world. If you are looking for an adventure and a higher level of traveling on your own, we promise that you will be excited by visiting Myanmar!

As soon as you enter Burma, you will feel like 100 years back in time. Locals aren’t used to tourists so far, so they are still very helpful, kind-hearted and curious!

Bagan temples in sunset, Travel to Myanmar
Bagan temples in sunset

Why should you travel to Myanmar?

  • Ancient temples, pagodas, and monuments. Nowhere else is such a big concentration of temples, monasteries and Buddha monuments. In Myanmar, there is the largest reclining Buddha in the world.
  • Kind People – Burmese are truly kindhearted and welcoming people. You will feel the contrast especially if you have spent some time in Thailand, Laos or Cambodia, before visiting Myanmar. (People in Thailand usually see you as a walking wallet…).
  • Minimum tourists (so far) – Burma is one of the last countries in Southeast Asia that is not crowded by tourists yet. If you prefer places, where you don’t meet a bunch of tourists, Myanmar is the ideal destination for your travel and vacation.
  • Photography paradise – historical sights and golden pagodas will not let you sleep – literally! Sunsets and sunrises are perfect in Myanmar landscape! I bet you will be waking up again and again to see these absolutely amazing sunrises.
  • Beaches – Beautiful, white sand palm beaches with turquoise water. Best of all, these beaches are literally empty! Their only visitors are sometimes children from nearby villages
  • Great for your budget – Myanmar is ideal for low-cost travel and vacation. Our entire month’s expenses, including visas, transport, food, accommodation and flight tickets from Bangkok did not exceed 600 USD! (2018)
  • Back in time journey – Not literally, but you will feel like 100 years back in Myanmar. At least somewhere and in some situations. Myanmar countryside looks like 150 years behind in time compared to the western world. Local people still live from fishing and live in bamboo chalets on the beach.
The gold of these magnificent pagodas is a significant contrast to the country's poverty. Shwedagon Pagoda, Yangon.
The gold of these magnificent pagodas is a significant contrast to the country’s poverty. Shwedagon Pagoda, Yangon.

Best time to visit Myanmar?

  • November to March: the best time to visit Myanmar. During this period is dry “winter”. Don’t misunderstand the expression “winter”. It’s still pretty warm (around 25-30° C) and truly dry. We didn’t experience a single drop during the whole month.
  • March to May – Summer season with unbearable hot temperatures.
  • June to October – Rainy season – it rains constantly, so it’s not a good idea to visit Myanmar.
Tropical Ngapali beach, Myanmar- ideal vacation destination
Tropical Ngapali beach

Visa to Myanmar – eVisa

A classic eVisa is a perfect choice if you plan to visit Myanmar for 28 days or less.

  • eVisa cost $50 and is valid for 28 days.
  • Within 3 days after the registration, you should receive a confirmation of your visa by e-mail. eVisa is valid only for a single entry.
  • You should print out the confirmation of your visa (received by e-mail). You will show them at the airport upon arrival.
  • Attention: It’s necessary to choose a place (airport or land borders) where you will enter the country. You also need to fill in the address of your first accommodation!

Visa: Exceeding length of stay

Staying longer in the country is not a big problem. You only need to pay 3 extra dollars a day. They collect the fee upon departure from Myanmar.

How to get to Myanmar?

By Air

The best way to travel to Myanmar is via Bangkok. (You can find return flights tickets from Europe for about 600 USD). For flights from Bangkok to Myanmar, we recommend searching though Momondo. A one-way ticket from Bangkok to Yangon costs around 50 USD.

Land Border crossing

Available Airports and land border crossings (to enter the country):

  • Yangon (International Airport),
  • Mandalay (International Airport)
  • Nay Pyi Taw (International Airport)
  • Tachileik (Thailand-Myanmar Ground Transition) *
  • Myawaddy (Thailand-Myanmar Ground Transition)
  • Kawthoung (Thailand-Myanmar Ground Transition)
  • Tamu (Incicko-Myanmar Ground Transition)
  • Rih Kwah Dar (Incicko-Myanmar Ground Transition)

Borders with China, Bangladesh, and Laos are currently closed for foreigners. Two Indian land border crossings are open. The current state at individual crossings can be found here.

Be careful only with Mae Sai / Tachileik borders crossing – although foreigners are allowed to travel across the border, there is a closed zone behind the Tachileik area. In case you want to continue through the zone, you will have to pay high fees for traveling through the closed area. That’s why we recommend taking another land border crossing.

On the way out of the country, there is one extra option via the: Phunaron / Htee Kee border crossing. You are not allowed to enter the country via this border, but you can leave Myanmar via Phunaron / Htee Kee border crossing without any problem. It’s the shortest way from Dawei to Bangkok. You can easily get to the nearest Thai town of Kanchanaburi by minibus (is cost about 80 THB).

* Read the conditions of the land border between Thailand and Myanmar

The flag of Myanmar
The flag of Myanmar

Accommodation

There are not many options to choose in Myanmar.

  • Forget Couchsurfing or Airbnb. Tourists are required to stay in a licensed hotel or hostel with registration for foreigners.
  • Camping is also prohibited, and it’s quite well guarded.
  • You can usually expect breakfast in the morning.
  • Quality and quantity vary ho(s)tel to ho(s)tel. Even a very small and cheap hostel can surprise you with a perfect breakfast.
  • Prices for 1 room range from 10,000 to 25,000 MMK per night (6 to 15 USD).
  • You have to show your passport to check in at ho(s)tel.
  • You are allowed to stay overnight in the monastery. For this stay is appropriate to leave at least a small contribution to the monastery.
  • Homestays on multiple day treks (e.g. Kalaw – Inle lake) are allowed.

Booking Accommodation in Myanmar

The best page to book accommodation in Asia is Agoda.com. They usually have more offers and it’s mostly cheaper than Booking. We used both. It’s always good to compare offers.


In more remote places, the hotels and hostel are sometimes not listed on any website. Then just go there personally and ask for a room, they will usually have one.

Our visit to the Myanmar monastery in Yangon. You can sleep in monastery while travel.
Our visit to the Myanmar monastery in Yangon.

Transportation in Myanmar

Transportation in Myanmar is crazy! Crazy and adventurous. I bet transportation will be one of the strongest experiences of your travel around Myanmar. In general, Myanmar does not have good quality roads – even though they are slowly but constantly constructing new ones.

You can book some buses online at 12Go. These connections are mostly between Yangon and bigger cities.

Finding out your bus at the bus station can be difficult.

  • Ask for bus tickets at your hotel. The price of the ticket purchased at the reception desk is unlikely to vary from the ticket purchased at the bus station and sometimes even pick up is included.
  • Ask several people around the bus station, where you can find your bus (going to XYZ), somebody will get you to the right bus.
  • It’s good to research at least some information about your connections on the internet and write down the name of your destination.
  • Having the written name of the destination is your key to success (many cities are pronounced completely differently than written) – just show it on your mobile phone.

Note: Having a local SIM card with data is absolutely necessary. Travel without the internet would take way longer.

Myanmar children on the roof of a bus, Dawei peninsula.
Myanmar children on the roof of a bus, Dawei peninsula.

Buses

You’ll be amazed by the differences among various type of buses you meet in Myanmar. We had a chance to take smelly cargo bus (1/3 for passengers and the rest for load) and on the other side, we ride also by 5-star bus with huge business class seats, food, blankets, headphones and drinks on board.

  • We recommend taking air-con buses for long distance rides. It’s definitely worth the comfort.
  • Dress warmly! The temperature inside the bus is usually much lower than outside, so you can get easily sick.
  • Prepare for a dusty ride (take some scarf on your mouth).
  • There will be enough stops for buying food.

Be prepared for:

  • Overnight buses – Night buses are very popular in Myanmar especially for long distances. Be prepared for early morning arrivals, it’s not an exception to arrive at 2-3 AM. The most common arrivals are around 4-5 AM.
  • Extraordinary “toilet” stops – especially in remote areas, the bus stops at the edge of the road. Women go to one side of the bus and men go to the other side.
  • Burmese pop songs and shows – If you don’t want to listen to the “great” Burmese production don’t forget your headphones.
  • Long breaks/pauses – When the bus stops, it’s usually long. Often an hour-long lunch/dinner break.
  • Tip for girls – if you are traveling to more remote areas (poor quality of roads), you will appreciate your sports bra (roads can be incredibly bumpy).

Crossing Myanmar national borders by bus

During longer journeys, you won’t avoid national borders. The process is simple: bus stops, everyone has to get out and show a passport or national ID. It takes longer, especially for foreigners. Customs officers often ask, where are you heading to, where is your hotel or how do you like Myanmar so far. It’s not complicated, it just takes time.

Waiting for a passport check at the national Myanmar border. Bus travel
Waiting for a passport check at the national Myanmar border …

Trains

Traveling by train is definitely an unconventional experience in Myanmar! We definitely recommend trying it. We were fascinated by the first ride!

  • The lower the class you take the more authentic travel experience it is.
  • Ladies with a huge basket of corn on their heads are balancing without a problem in the crowded train.
  • Vendors with all sorts of goods are walking through the train back and forth – there are definitely scenes to watch.
  • For longer rides, we recommend paying a few kyat more for the comfort of the first class, you will appreciate it.
  • If you want to enjoy the view, do not be afraid to ask for the window seat.

TIP: Do not buy train tickets online, prices are 10x higher on the internet!

Ladies are waiting for train arrival. Train travel
Ladies are waiting for train arrival

Boat cruises

A boat cruise is a great option if you are already tired of bumpy roads. There is breakfast, lunch and snack included if it’s a longer cruise.

  • More expensive and takes longer, than bus
  • Much more comfortable
  • Nice experience of sightseeing unconventional life on the Irrawaddy river banks

The most popular are boat cruises from Bagan to Mandalay or Mandalay to Bagan.

Village life, Inle Lake, Perfect vacation. Boat travel.
Village life, Inle Lake

Taxi, Grab, Uber

Do not be afraid to haggle hard with the taxi drivers. Especially when they approach you on your way out of the bus.

An ideal option for city travel is Grab, which is something like the Asian version of Uber. It’s a very popular and cheap way of transportation. We strongly recommend downloading this app into your phone.

  • You can check the price in advance and avoid haggling with taxi drivers.
  • You can “Grab” either classic car or motorbike. Motorbikes are cheaper than cars. A great choice for solo travelers. If you are 2 or more, the car is always cheaper.
  • Pay in cash, not with a card! Locals haven’t learned yet how the system works, so they might ask you to pay again in cash.
  • Grab is cheaper than Uber! Uber was actually more expensive than a regular taxi in some places!
Cow taxi travel, Mingun.
Cow taxi, Mingun.

Motorbike rental

Don’t be afraid, to rent a motorbike in Myanmar. We have never sat on a motorbike before we visited Asia and we were strongly against motorbike driving in the past. We have rented 15 different motorbikes or scooters in Myanmar and it was great.

Approximate rental pricesMMK/dayUSD/day
Automatic motorbike100006.5
Manual motorbike80005
E-bike (in Bagan)60004
Bicycle20001.5
Gasoline per day2000 – 40001.5 – 3
  • Don’t forget to ask for a helmet.
  • Your promise is usually enough as a deposit for a motorbike.
  • They don’t ask for driving license (it happened only once out of 15 cases).
  • Don’t look for the classic gas stations – look for homes with gasoline bottles.
  • There are several times more motorbikes than cars.
  • Motorbike is often the only way to explore the surroundings.
  • Local roads don’t let anybody go faster than 40-50km/h.
A motorbike or scooter travel offers a unique opportunity to explore Burma on your vacation.
A motorbike or scooter offers a unique opportunity to explore Burma.

Food in Myanmar

Burmese cuisine doesn’t belong to the most renowned ones. Especially if you spent some time in Thailand or Vietnam, you will wish to go back quickly.

Street food

Myanmar street food offers various salty and sweet fried pancakes, rolls, balls – they fry nearly everything.  We often ate noodles or soups (from 300 MMK). You can also get cooked corn, eggs, sweet rice in a banana leaf, piece of watermelon or other fruits.

Fried Myanmar "pancakes" in the streets of Mrauk-U.
Fried Myanmar “pancakes” in the streets of Mrauk-U.

Restaurants

In every restaurant, you will typically see several pots with curry (the local name for meat and sauce).

  • Go to restaurants crowded with locals. This is a very good sign of a good and cheap restaurant. Locals are usually able to tell you if it’s pork, chicken or fish is that.
  • You can simply point to a particular pot to choose your dish.
  • Besides the meat, you will be served with rice and plenty of other bowls of vegetables. It’s usually a nice feast.
  • If you are on the coast, we recommend trying fresh fish or seafood. It’s usually very good and fresh
Fresh crab - piece for 1,5 USD. Coast restaurant nearby Dawei.
Fresh crab – piece for 1,5 USD. Coast restaurant nearby Dawei. 

Hostel breakfast

Breakfast varies from hotel to hotel. but usually, you can expect rice with an egg or soup and toast. Sometimes fruits might be served. Tea and coffee is a must.

If you love milk and dairy products, you will be disappointed. Basically, there is no way to find any (local people seem to miss certain digestive enzymes).

Section of Burmese cuisine
Section of Burmese cuisine

Money and currency

  • The official currency of Myanmar is Myanmar Kyat (MMK). By only 4 ATM withdrawals you become a millionaire.
  • 1000 MMK is around 0,7 USD. The current exchange rate course can be found here.
  • Card payment is not accepted at the vast majority of places (except for some hotels). You can exchange cash in “money exchange offices”. US dollars and Thai Bahts can be exchanged without any problems.
  • There are ATMs in the majority of Myanmar cities. However, if you are going to the countryside, it’s better to stock yourself with some cash.
  • Beware: ATMs in Burma allows you to withdraw a maximum of 300,000 MMK only. There is a universal withdrawal fee of 5,000 MMK.
  • Beware #2: Do spend all your Burmese Kyat before leaving Myanmar! It’s nearly impossible to find a place, where they accept Myanmar Kyat. There should be one in Bangkok – SuperRich.

Approximate prices in Myanmar

Examples of pricesUSDKyat (MMK)
Lunch at the restaurant1,5 – 2 USD2000 – 3000 MMK
Street food0,33 USD500 MMK
Hotel with breakfast for 28-18 USD12000 – 26000 MMK
3h Circular train in Yangon0,13 USD200 MMK
Taxi (45 minut)4,3 USD6500 MMK
Bus (16 h)16 USD24000 MMK
Train (4 h)1 USD1500 MMK
Motorcycle – 1 day6,6 USD10000 MMK
Water 5l0,6 USD1000 MMK
Piece of melon0,2 USD300 MMK
Chips0,2 USD300 MMK
Ice cream0,13 USD200 MMK
Entrance to monuments/temples1,5 – 6,6 USD2000 – 10000 MMK
7GB of data SIM card8,5 USD13000 MMK
Burmese kyat
Burmese kyat

Travel backpacking budget for Myanmar

Our daily backpacking budget was approximately 20 USD per person. To have an idea about our travel style, here are a few examples:

  • We were backpacking in Myanmar for 28 days and spent 560 USD per person.
  • Went to nearly to all Myanmar interesting places to visit (paid entrance fees).
  • Renting motorbikes on a regular basis.
  • Choosing the more budget hotels on Agoda.
  • Eating quite often in restaurants.
  • Traveling mostly by buses.
  • Took a boat cruise and other small tours.

There is an advantage of 2 people backpacking together because you can always rent only one scooter/motorbike. Accommodation for 2 in one room is also cheaper.

Haggling/Bargaining

Speaking from our experience, the majority of people in Myanmar are good ones, who don’t want to rip you off. And even if they put the price little bit higher, you won’t even notice that. While buying a street food or shopping in stores, it´s usually not necessary to bargain unless you are a haggling lover.

  • It’s good to ask for the price in advance! For example: if you already ate the food, you can no longer haggle the price.
  • It’s a completely different thing with taxi drivers! You should always try to haggle with them. Especially if they approach you first.
  • Ask for a discount if you stay in your hotel for several days.
  • Inle Lake area and Mandalay are already touristy and you should haggle there.
  • TIP: If someone approaches you first with an offer of XYZ, take advantage of your negotiation position. Refuse the offered price and put it lower. He/she came up with something you might not be interested in, so take advantage of it.
Tooth Relic Pagoda in Yangon.
Tooth Relic Pagoda in Yangon.

Religion and Traditions in Myanmar

Buddhism

Myanmar is one of the most Buddhistic countries in the world. Thousands of temples, pagodas, and Buddha statues on every corner of this country.

  • There are more than half a million monks and other 75,000 women living in the monasteries.
  • Men are dressed in dark red robes, while women wear pink ones.
  • Regular visits to the temples belong to the everyday life of Burmese people
  • There is religious music playing during the night and early morning from pagodas every day (don’t forget your earplugs).

How to dress while visiting places of worship?

  • We should always have covered shoulders and knees while visiting temples, pagodas, or other religious sites.
  • You are also not allowed to wear shoes neither socks.
  • It’s common to leave your shoes at the entrance to the temple/pagoda.
  • If you want to take a picture of the Buddha, never turn your back to an image of Buddha. Your head also should be lower than his.
Burmese monk
Burmese monk

Betel

You will surely notice that local people often chew a strange thing. They usually have a red mouth and dirty teeth. That’s caused by betel.

Betel is an easily available stimulant that is loved across all Myanmar. It’s dry and chopped areca nut in a leaf of pepper with a limestone paste. Betel causes that people often have a red mouth and poor quality of teeth.

Betel bites preparation.
Betel bites preparation.

Thanaka – Myanmar traditional face paint

A more pleasant habit of Burmese is to use Thanaka. Women, men, small or big, young and old have been using this “cream” since ancient times.

  • Thanaka cream is made by grinding wood of a Thanaka tree with a small amount of water.
  • It’s used as make-up as well as sunscreen.
  • Thanaka is applied together with a few drops of water.

Social TIP: To experience even more engagement with the locals, put some Thanaka on your face and you will see what happens. Locals were so excited to see us wearing Thanaka!

We tried Thanaka thanks to a guide of one Yangon monastery.
We tried Thanaka thanks to a guide of one Yangon monastery.

Avoid the cultural faux paux!

Girls beware of the power of your underwear! Now, we are not joking. If you want to have your clothes washed in the hostel, skip the underwear. Even a smiling nice old lady can start screaming at you. Burmese are very superstitious. Men believe that touching a woman’s pants will make them lose all their strength.

If you wash your laundry yourself, don’t hang it out of the room or to a string that is higher than person’s head. It’s very impolite as well.

Kissing is forbidden

Kissing in public is inappropriate in Myanmar. There is a kissing ban on trains and platforms. In general, we have hardly even seen any couples holding hands.

Sign on the train. Kissing not allowed.
Sign on the train. Kissing not allowed.

Security in Myanmar

Myanmar might have been a dangerous place to travel a few years ago, but things have changed. Although you might hear about some conflicts in the news, Myanmar is a safe area for tourists. You don’t even have a little chance to get into closed/restricted areas. Not even by mistake!

Burma is divided into several regions. There are regular checks and passport controls on regions borders. Everybody on a bus has to get out an went through check. Customs officers often want to know what your next destination and your planned accommodation is.

Empty beaches nearby Gwa, Myanmar Ideal vacation
Empty beaches nearby Gwa.

Diseases, hygiene, and recommended vaccination

Soon you will find out that Myanmar has not the best hygiene standards. That’s why don’t forget to pack hand sanitizer. Always have basic medications with you. Especially for digestive problems (e.g. Smecta, Endiaron, and others…).

Notice that tap water is not drinkable. Always buy bottled one.

Vaccination shouldn’t be underestimated. The basic vaccinations while traveling to Sout-East Asia should be Typhoid Fever and Hepatitis A and B. In case you are entering the country from a region with a high risk of Yellow Fever (typically from African countries), then vaccination against yellow fever is required.

Language and basic phrases

Burmese is a very complicated language because it has its own unique alphabet. Even numbers have their unique characters. If you learn at least a few basic phrases, you will surely conjure up smiles on faces of the locals. The absolute must know is:

  • Greetings – Hello / Good day – Mingalaba
  • Thank you (very much) – Jezuba (tembate)

Other useful phrases:

  • You are welcome – Iabate
  • O. K. – Okay
  • How much does it cost? – Be lau le?
  • Is it alright? (for example, take a picture) – Asem pi la?

The vast majority of Burmese people don’t speak a word in English. In larger cities or touristic areas, some of the local guides speak a little bit. There is usually someone, who speaks basic English in hotels and hostels. If you need something, you can find a picture of that thing in your mobile phone and simply show it. That usually works.

SIM card and mobile data in Myanmar

Tons of billboards and ads of mobile operators might spoil the authentic experience of some old villages, and rural areas. On the other hand, it means that Myanmar is pretty well covered by mobile signal and data availability.

You can buy a SIM card nearly in every small shop on the street. Local people will gladly help you to choose the right one for you.

Travel and vacation tips for Myanmar

  • Wait for the golden hourphotos of temples are the most beautiful in sunset/sunrise light.
  • Wear polarized sunglasses, especially if you’re visiting coast (sea colors are incredible)!
  • Download offline mapsLocus Map, Maps.me, or Mapy.cz
  • Always ask for prices in advance.
  • Prefer VIP (air-con) buses for longer journeys.
  • Take a scarf to cover your face while traveling by an old bus (it might be incredibly dusty).
  • Dress warmly for the bus ride (it might be cold with air-con or during the night).
  • Girls, wear a sports bra while traveling on the bus.
  • Ask for a helmet when hiring a motorcycle.
  • Do not wash women underwear in a ho(s)tel laundry and do hang in common areas above your head.
  • Enter barefoot and keep covered shoulders and knees while visiting places of worship (pagodas, temples…)
  • Travel adapter might be needed in Myanmar. They use several different types of sockets across the country. Sockets have the standard voltage of 230V with a frequency of 50Hz.
  • Remember – the smile is a universal greeting!
Myanmar - Land of beautiful sunsets! Great for Vacation
Myanmar – Land of beautiful sunsets!

Interesting facts about Myanmar

  • The majority of children all over Myanmar use Bye-Bye instead of hello. Someone probably taught them, that it’s universal greetings.
  • Women and children are commonly working on constructions (Lot of men are monks in monasteries).
  • They have plenty of cows everywhere but don’t have milk or dairy products.
  • Valentine’ day is a BIG thing in Myanmar. Everybody is dressed in red color. It seems to be the only day you can see couples holding hands, etc.
  • People carry everything you can imagine on their heads.
  • Burmese are a very noisy nation, they scream at each other and quarrel in public.
  • In general, there are nearly no traffic rules (larger or pushier vehicle goes first).
  • They drive on the right side of the road, but most vehicles have steering wheels also on the right.
  • Locals stop foreigners to take pictures with them.
Someone asked us to take a photo with them almost every day.
Someone asked us to take a photo with them almost every day.

What to visit in Myanmar (Burma)?

Here you can see a detailed map of all the best places to visit on your Myanmar travel trip or vacation.

You can export this map and import it to your mobile app such as Maps.me or Locus Map.

This article aimed to give you a bigger picture and comprehensive guide for all travelers, who are planning to visit Myanmar. Are you interested what are the best places to visit in Myanmar? Read this blog post: Myanmar: 65 Best Places to Visit – Your Guide to Burma

I want to travel to Myanmar!

Are you decided to travel to Myanmar? Great, just find the cheapest flights tickets!

Would you like to ask some further questions? We will be happy to help you!

Have you been backpacking to Myanmar and would you like to update any information? Write us a comment!

Happy travel and vacation in Myanmar!


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