Huangshan Mountain is located in the southern part of Anhui Province, between Shexian, Yixian, Taiping County, and Xiuning County. It belongs to the Huizhou area in the traditional sense. The Huangshan Mountain ranges from Dazhang Mountain in Jixi County in the east and Yangzhan Mountain in Yixian County in the west. It starts from Taiping Lake in the north and Huizhou mountainous area in the south. It borders Zhejiang to the east, Jiangxi to the south, and Xuancheng and Chizhou to the north. It is the watershed of the two major water systems of the Yangtze River and the Qiantang River. Specifically, it is located at 118°1 degree east longitude, 30°1 north latitude, about 40 kilometers long from north to south, 30 kilometers wide from east to west, with an area of about 1205 square kilometers, including 153 square kilometers of the essence of scenic spots.
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Huangshan Mountain is one of the famous scenic spots in China and a world tourist attraction. Huangshan Mountain Scenic Area (Huangshan Mountain) is located in Huangshan City, southern Anhui Province. The main peak, Lianhua Peak, is 1864m above sea level. Huangshan Mountain is located in the subtropical monsoon climate zone. Due to the high mountains and deep valleys, the climate changes vertically. At the same time, due to the large difference in radiation between the north and south slopes, the local topography plays a leading role in its climate, resulting in the climatic characteristics of cloudiness, humidity, and precipitation.
The length of the famous mountains in Huangshan: the majesty of Mount Tai, the steepness of Mount Hua, the smoke and clouds of Hengshan, the waterfalls of Lushan, the ingenious rocks of Yandang Mountain, and the coolness of Mount Emei. Xu Xiake, a traveler and geographer in the Ming Dynasty, visited Huangshan twice and praised: “There is no mountain in the world when climbing Huangshan, and the view is only right!” He also left the reputation of “The return of the Five Sacred Mountains does not see the mountains, and the return of Huangshan does not see the mountains”.
It is also known as “the world’s most wonderful mountain”. It can be said that there are no peaks and no rocks, no rocks and no pine, no pine and no strangeness, and it is famous for its four unique pines, strange rocks, sea of clouds and hot springs. The second lake, three waterfalls, sixteen springs, and twenty-four streams contrast each other and compete for glory. The scenery is different in the four seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter. Huangshan also has the reputation of “Natural Zoo and World Botanical Garden”, with nearly 1,500 species of plants and more than 500 species of animals. With a pleasant climate, Huangshan is a blessed summer resort, a national-level scenic spot and a recuperating summer resort. In 1985, it was selected as one of the top ten scenic spots in the country. In December 1990, it was included in the “World Cultural and Natural Heritage List” by UNESCO. It was the first in China to be included in the list as a cultural and natural heritage at the same time. In February 2004, it was selected as a World Geopark. Famous at home and abroad, it is unforgettable for the world. There are many Huangshan poems in ancient and modern times. On May 8, 2007, Huangshan Scenic Area in Huangshan City was officially approved by the National Tourism Administration as a national 5A-level tourist attraction.
The beauty of Huangshan is a kind of artistic conception that cannot be expressed in words, and it has a humanistic beauty that makes people think too much. Whether it is the masculine beauty of iron bones under the bright sun, or the charming beauty that is looming under the clouds and mist, or the romantic beauty of the flowers blooming in the mountains and plains in the spring and March, even when the snowflakes are flying. The beauty of holiness covered in silver makeup everywhere in the harsh winter.
Everyone who has traveled to Huangshan said: The “main theme” of Huangshan is in the clouds and mist. This means that the best view of Huangshan Mountain is in the peak area, and it is best when there is cloud and fog. When people bow their heads to the clouds on the top of a mountain, what they see are endless clouds, like on the shore of the sea, the waves are surging, the waves splash, and the stormy waves hit the shore. The sea of clouds in the Huangshan Mountains is particularly strange. The clouds and stratocumulus in the sky drift with the wind, sometimes rising, sometimes falling, sometimes turning, and sometimes stretching, forming a peculiar view of the ever-changing sea of clouds. Whenever the sea of clouds comes, the entire Huangshan Scenic Area is divided into a sea of clouds. The mountain peaks shrouded in dense fog suddenly appeared, layered on top of each other, faintly, and the beauty of the mountain was perfectly expressed here. Floating clouds and mists swam across the mountains like a veil, and the scenery is ever-changing and fleeting.
Huangshan Mountain is located in the subtropical monsoon climate zone, located in the northern edge of the mid-subtropical zone, evergreen broad-leaved forest, red soil and yellow soil zone. Due to the high mountains and deep valleys, the climate changes vertically. At the same time, due to the large difference in sunlight radiation between the north and south slopes, the local topography plays a leading role in its climate, forming a climate characteristic of more clouds and fog, high humidity, and more precipitation. The average temperature difference in the four seasons is only about 20°C. The highest temperature in summer is 27℃, the lowest temperature in winter is -22℃, the average annual temperature is 7.8℃, the average temperature in summer is 25℃, and the average temperature in winter is above 0℃. The annual average rainfall days are 183 days, most of which are concentrated in April-June. The annual rainfall on the mountain is 2395mm. The frequency of southwesterly and northwesterly winds is relatively high, and the annual average snowfall days are 49 days.
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